Carl B. Mollweide designed the projection in 1805. It is an equal-area pseudocylindrical projection. The Mollweide projection is used primarily for thematic maps of the world.
Meridians are elliptical arcs that are equally spaced. The exception is the central meridian, which is a straight line.
All parallels are straight lines.
The Equator and the central meridian are linear graticules.
Scale is accurate along latitudes 40° 44’ N and S at the central meridian. Distortion becomes more pronounced farther from the lines, and is severe at the extremes of the projection.
World maps only.
Source: Snyder and Voxland, 1989